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Internet Glossary

In an effort to ensure my clients are self-sufficient and competitive in today's Internet business world, I am happy to provide this glossary of Internet terms. I hope you find it useful!

Term Definition
Bookmark Web page address (URL) saved in your Web browser for convenient retrieval
FTP File Transfer Protocol; service that allows you to transfer files over the Internet
Home
page
Starting page of a Web site; usually the first page people see when they visit a Web site; not the same as a Web browser home page which can be any Web page you want to display each time you open the browser
HTML HyperText Markup Language; standard coding language for creating Web pages; a Web browser interprets HTML code to display a Web page properly
HTTP HyperText Transport Protocol; standard set of rules a Web browser follows to retrieve information such as a Web page
Hyperlink aka hypertext link or link; text or graphic with special HTML coding that points to another Web page or another part of the current Web page; primary type of Web navigation
Internet Global computer network connecting millions of computers and enabling world-wide communication via TCP/IP
ISP Internet Service Provider; company that provides services such as Internet access, Web site hosting, and email accounts
Search
engine
Web site devoted to providing users with the ability to search for web pages by keywords; search engine also refers to the software that facilitates the search; each search engine has its own database of web sites; examples of search engines include Yahoo! and AltaVista
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol; software for transmitting data over the Internet
URL Uniform Resource Locator; Web page address such as http://www.amazon.com; includes the protocol (http://) for accessing a Web page
Web
browser
Software, such as Netscape Navigator and Microsoft Internet Explorer, that retrieves and displays Web pages
Web page aka HTML page; single HTML document on the World Wide Web; each Web page has a specific address (URL)
Web
server
Software that routes requests for Web pages from one computer to another; also refers to the computer on which server software runs; usually maintained by an ISP
Web site Collection of Web pages including a home page; usually connected by hyperlinks
World
Wide Web
Internet service made up of HTML documents, such as Web pages, including graphics and hyperlinks; uses HTTP to communicate with Web servers and Web browsers

Patricia White-Kaster, President
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